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62 GOLF COURSE MANAGEMENT 03.14 A worse situation is where tees were simply mowed into the fairway. These types of tees are very diffcult to maintain to standards equal to the back tees. New forward tees should be "constructed" with appropriate soil, turf, and suffcient irrigation and drainage. They should not just be pushed up, or worse, simply mowed into the fairway. A temporary tee will get you temporary members and dissatisfed women golfers. Hire a qualified EIGCA or ASGCA architect In-house construction of a tee is quite possi - ble, but in-house design is sometimes a disaster. In-house design choices made by superinten - dents, course owners, the club pro or women's club members are often regretted. Professional tee design is not expensive and well worth the money in the long run when done by designers who thoughtfully consider play from the women's tees. Gimme a break (please?) Benches, ball washers, hole signs and trash cans are generally standard equipment on most tees. However, when women's tees are located moderately ahead of the men's tees, there is rarely a bench in sight. With a little design creativity, these on- course amenities can be easily integrated in a minimalist manner in order to preserve harmo - nious views from the back tees. Amenities are not needed on every tee, but a few rest areas would be greatly appreciated. On the other side of this coin are the amenities that crowd the tee. Just because amenities are requested, that doesn't mean we want the bench and the ball washer on the actual teeing area or crowding what little space we have. Ensure a proper angle to the landing area Proper angles are particularly important on dogleg holes. Hint: The inside of the dog - leg is usually not the correct angle to the land- ing area. The golf course architect can help to ensure proper angles and distances to landing areas such that women are not hitting through fairways, blocked from making shots or forced to negotiate a larger portion of a hazard than the players from the men's tees. Improper angles and distances to dogleg turning points often make the game much more diffcult for women. Also, angles play a signifcant role in the direction a ball will roll if a drive lands on a hillside with a glancing angle versus a shot that lands on the hillside straight away. Drives from the women's tee that end up in the same lousy long rough every time prob - ably have an improper driving angle or poorly designed mowing pattern. How far is too far? Forced carries (including over long rough) can exhilarate or defate a golfer when he or she steps onto the tee. Indeed, one of the com - pelling attractions of the game of golf is the challenge presented by hazards that need to be carried, but if the carry distance is insurmount - able, it only defates the sense of well-being that is found by golfers on the course. Instead of a forced carry, a better hazard type from the most forward tee would be a "strategic hazard" design, which allows the golfer to decide how much of the hazard they can carry. This type of hazard is much more playable than a "forced" carry for high hand - icappers. If there is a graduated second tee in place for women who have a low handicap, a surmountable forced carry is appropriate. Many women's tees are underbuilt. The photo on the left shows a tee that is only 6 feet wide. The two tees in the photo on the right share fewer than 200 square feet. Drives from the women's tee that end up in the same lousy long rough every time probably have an improper driving angle or poorly designed mowing pattern. 058-067_March14_W2.indd 62 2/18/14 1:41 PM