Golf Course Management

APR 2018

Golf Course Management magazine is dedicated to advancing the golf course superintendent profession and helping GCSAA members achieve career success.

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04.18 GOLF COURSE MANAGEMENT 81 The RESEARCH SAYS • The economic constraints on golf during the past several years may give facilities an incentive to explore the multifunctional ap - proach Nordic countries use. • Golf facilities can offer much more than golf by improving biological diversity, conserving natural and cultural environments, provid - ing classrooms for outdoor education and offering recreational areas that are open to the public. • Making the most of all urban green spaces becomes more vital as cities become more densely populated and people have fewer op - portunities to enjoy the outdoors. • Golf facilities in Nordic countries that have embraced multifunctionality have elevated their position in the community and intro - duced more people to the game of golf. lack of suitable and sufficiently large green areas is often mentioned in discussions about outdoor education. Using golf courses and the land that surrounds them as outdoor classrooms could become particularly important at a time when most of the world's population lives in urban landscapes and local areas suitable for outdoor activities are becoming scarce. In collaboration with a local primary school, Motala Golf Club in Sweden, is par - ticipating in an ongoing STERF project about outdoor teaching. The teachers and the golf course staff are investigating the best methods for outdoor teaching on golf courses and the most suitable areas of the golf course for use as an outdoor classroom. The game of golf will be used to help train children to focus and concen - trate. Through this project, Motala Golf Club will become a pilot model for outdoor teaching on golf courses, and experiences from the proj - ect will be presented in guidelines for outdoor teaching. A training course for participating teachers was carried out during fall 2017, and the children will visit their new classroom at the golf course in spring 2018. Added value for Motala Golf Club • The golf club's contribution to improv - ing the education in the local schools will strengthen the golf club's position as an important force in the community. • The biological diversity and natural and cultural values exhibited by the golf club will become visible to a larger group of society, and this will enhance the image of golf as an environmentally friendly sport. • The outdoor classroom will increase the opportunities for a larger number of children and youths to visit a golf course and thereby have a positive first experi - ence with the game of golf. • Examples of innovative, active learning within the framework of this project could be used in the club's regular golf lessons for children and youth. Acknowledgments A version of this paper was presented in July 2017 at the 13th International Turfgrass Re - search Conference in New Brunswick, N.J. Literature cited 1. Caspersen, O.H., F.S. Jensen and A.M.D. Jensen. 2015. Experience mapping and multifunctional golf course development: enhanced possibilities of increased and more varied use of golf courses. IGN Rapport, Institut for Geovidenskab og Naturfor - valtning University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg. (http://research.ku.dk/find-a-researcher/?pure=files %2F137785693%2Frapport_golfbaner_webopt.pdf) Accessed March 6, 2017. 2. European Golf Association. 2018. Member Fed - erations. (www.ega-golf.ch/federations) Accessed March 6, 2017. 3. Jensen, A.M.D., O.H. Caspersen and F.S. Jensen 2015. A practical guide for assessing your golf course´s multifunctional potential. (www.sterf.org/ sv/library/handbooks/multifunctional-potential) Accessed March 3, 2018. 4. Jensen, A.M.D., O.H. Caspersen, F.S. Jensen and M. Strandberg. 2017. Multifunctional golf facilities as a resource of important ecosystem services in a changing urban environment: Nordic case studies. International Turfgrass Society Research Journal 13:236-239. 5. Skarin, O., M. Strandberg and K. Schmidt. 2015. Societal benefits of golf — Inspiration and ideas for local partnership. Handbook Scandinavian Turfgrass Research Foundation. (www.sterf.org/sv/library/ handbooks/societal-benefits-of-golf) Verified March 3, 2018. 6. Strandberg, M. 2011. Multifunctional golf courses: An underutilised resource. Scandinavian Turfgrass and Environment Research Foundation. (www.sterf. org/sv/library/brochures-etc) Accessed March 3, 2018. 7. Strandberg, M., S. Borgström and E. Andersson. 2016. Multifunctionality on urban golf courses – a case study in the Stockholm area. Pages 45-46. In: Abstracts of the 5th European Turfgrass Society Conference. June 5-8, Salgados, Albufeira, Portugal. 8. Strandberg, M., K. Schmidt, O. Skarin and L.-G. Bråvander. 2014. Multifunctional golf facilities as a driving force in implementing the European Landscape Convention: A case study in Sweden. 4th European Turfgrass Society Conference. July 6-9, 2014, Osnabrueck, Germany. European Journal of Turfgrass Science (Special Edition) 79(3):119-120. 9. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. 2014. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2014 Revision, Highlights (ST/ESA/ SER.A/352). (http://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/publica - tions/files/wup2014-highlights.pdf) Accessed March 3, 2018. Maria Strandberg (maria.strandberg@golf.se) is the direc - tor and Bruno Hedlund is the chairman of the Scandinavian Turfgrass and Environment Research Foundation in Stock - holm, Sweden (www.sterf.org).

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