Golf Course Management

APR 2018

Golf Course Management magazine is dedicated to advancing the golf course superintendent profession and helping GCSAA members achieve career success.

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78 GOLF COURSE MANAGEMENT 04.18 ing and include different groups of actors such as local authorities, national agencies, other clubs and associations, landowners, residents and businesses. Golf enterprises generally have as their driving force the provision of benefits to members, rather than profits to sharehold - ers, so there are excellent opportunities for the facilities to interact with all areas of society. If work on important issues such as environmen - tal conservation, land use and exploitation, rec- reation and outdoor life are to be successful, an all-embracing perspective is important (5,8). Multifunctional golf facilities in the Nordic countries Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Ice- land, Norway, Sweden, and their associated ter- ritories — Greenland, the Faroe Islands and the Åland Islands) place a high value on the natural environment, and outdoor activities are an im - portant part of life. Living conditions in these countries are influenced by the ability to coexist with ecosystems and use them without destroy - ing them. Access to outdoor life and the natural environment is particularly important for the well-being of people in densely populated areas. Golf is a land-intensive sport that occupies more than 148,000 acres (60,000 hectares) in the Nordic countries. Nordic golf associations have about 900,000 members and more than 900 golf courses (2). Golf courses have several roles in addition to providing playing surfaces for golf. Considered from an outsider's perspec - tive, golf courses can provide a wide range of services that should be exploited, promoted and developed. The golf course as a social and sports arena Copenhagen Golf Club in Denmark leases its land, which is in Dyrehaven (The Deer Park), also known as Jägerborg Animal Park. The park is a large nature reserve with stately old trees and open areas where large numbers of visitors come to walk in the forest, play golf, cycle, jog or ride. All have an equal right to be in the area, and all the visitors show great con - sideration for each other. Golfers and the club are aware that they are guests in the park, even though the club has been there for more than 100 years. The golf club coexists with about 2,100 free-ranging deer that live in the park and give the course a unique character. Twice a year the golfers make way for major public events — the Hubertus Hunt, an annual cross-country horse race that brings many horses, riders and spectators, and the Hermitage Race, when al - most 20,000 runners and spectators pass over parts of the golf course. Copenhagen schools use the trails around the golf course during na - tional outdoor days. In addition, riders from the neighboring riding school use bridleways around and through the golf course daily. The golf course area is also popular among mush - Scandinavian Turfgrass and Environment Research Foundation The Scandinavian Turfgrass and Environment Research Foundation (STERF) is the joint research body of the golf federations of Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland and Iceland. STERF supplies new knowledge that is essential for modern golf course management and is of practical benefit and ready for use — for example, directly on golf courses, in a dialogue with the authorities and the public, or in efforts toward sustainable development. STERF is regarded as one of Europe's most important centers for research on the construction and upkeep of golf courses. STERF has decided to prioritize research and development within the following thematic platforms: integrated pest management, multifunctional golf facilities, sustainable water management and winter stress management. More information about STERF can be found at www. Golf and riding horses peacefully co-exist at Denmark's Copenhagen Golf Club, which hosts an annual cross-country horse race, the Hubertus Hunt.

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