Golf Course Management

APR 2018

Golf Course Management magazine is dedicated to advancing the golf course superintendent profession and helping GCSAA members achieve career success.

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Page 82 of 159

04.18 GOLF COURSE MANAGEMENT 77 Our hope is that this article will inspire oth- ers to take initiatives to create multifunctional activities on golf courses and thereby demon - strate the societal benefits of golf. The practical examples and ideas we share are not intended to be copied but, depending on local conditions, used as inspiration for tailor-made solutions. In this article, we present examples of how four Nordic golf clubs are working with multifunc - tional activities and creating important values for the golf facilities and for society. Multifunctionality Many golf courses are underutilized re- sources. If golf courses were to serve several functions, they could provide a range of impor - tant services that are in demand. In addition to offering a high-quality arena for golf, golf facili - ties could also contribute numerous additional benefits such as improving biological diversity, conserving natural and cultural environments, providing classrooms for outdoor education, and offering recreational areas that are open to the public (3,4,6). Today, urban landscapes are home to most of the world's population, and the United Nations predicts that 66% of the world's population will live in cities by 2050 (9). In the future, recreational areas will be used by more people. The decreasing amount of green area per capita increases the pressure on these areas to provide multiple ecosystem services. From this perspective, multifunctional golf facilities can benefit the local community by increasing their opportunities to participate in outdoor activities (1,7). Many golf courses are currently experienc - ing economic problems and are attempting to find new ways of supporting and expanding their operations. Multifunctional use of the golf facility can benefit the facility in numer - ous ways, for example, by enhancing the influ- ence of golf in the local community, exposing golf to new groups and attracting new mem - bers, increasing favorable media coverage, cre- ating a more favorable profile among the gen- eral public, and attracting stronger political support (5). The concept of multifunctional golf courses was created through the project "Mul - tifunctional golf courses: An underutilized re- source," which was carried out by the Scandi- navian Turfgrass and Environment Research Foundation (STERF) with support from the Nordic Council of Ministers from 2010 to 2011 (6). The project identified and described examples of multifunctional activities at Nor - dic golf courses. Local partnership External partnerships are an important factor in the development of golf. The form and direction of these partnerships must be adapted to meet the particular challenges fac - ing not only golf courses but also the cultures and regions where those courses are located. The partnerships must also be all-encompass - The putting green in front of the Hermitage Hunting Lodge at Copenhagen Golf Club gives no hint that the golf course is in a nature preserve where visitors also walk in the forest, ride horses, jog and cycle.

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