Golf Course Management

JAN 2017

Golf Course Management magazine is dedicated to advancing the golf course superintendent profession and helping GCSAA members achieve career success.

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134 GOLF COURSE MANAGEMENT 01.17 The RESEARCH SAYS • The Clean Water Act requires states, territories and authorized tribes ("states") to establish water-quality standards, monitor and assess water quality, and develop plans to improve it. States must establish Total Maximum Daily Loads for polluted waters. Some states have been more vigilant than others. • Best management practices are the shared language — the means recognized by regulators, conservationists, engineers and others as the means to driving improvements. • To maintain the viability of the game of golf, GCSAA has set a goal of developing a BMP manual for each state in the U.S. by 2020. • Developing BMP for golf courses for all 50 states will establish the golf industry's position as a leader in environmental stewardship. • BMP cover the gamut of golf course management, from planning design and construction to water, nutrient and integrated pest management to pollinator protection and energy management. • When Florida developed its BMP manual, water was a primary concern: water quantity and quality (including point source and nonpoint source pollution). • The turf industry has responded to water issues by developing drought-tolerant turfgrasses, embracing advances in irrigation technology, and reducing acreage of irrigated turf. 2. Baxter, A. 2015. A Dangerous Game. (www.adanger - ousgamemovie.com/#watch-now) Accessed Nov. 29, 2016. 3. Carr, M.H., and P.D. Zwick. 2016. Water 2070. Mapping Florida's future: Alternative patterns of water use in 2070. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services & 1000 Friends of Florida Prepared by the Geoplan Center at the University of Florida Gainesville, Fla. (http://1000friendsofflorida. org/water2070/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/water - 2070technicalreportfinal-text-TOC.pdf) Accessed Nov. 29, 2016. 4. della Cava, M. 2015. California orders first- ever mandatory water reductions. USA Today, April 1, 2015. (www.usatoday.com/story/news/ nation/2015/04/01/california-drought-mandatory- water-reductions/70780554) Accessed Nov. 29, 2016. 5. Duncan, R.R. 1996. Seashore paspalum: The next- generation turf for golf courses. Golf Course Manage - ment 64(4):49-51. 6. Duncan, R.R. 1997. Seashore paspalum responds to demands of stewardship. Golf Course Management 65(2):49-51. 7. Florida Senate Bill CS/CS/SB 552: Environmen - tal Resources. 2016. (www.flsenate.gov/Session/ Bill/2016/0552/ByVersion) Accessed Nov. 29, 2016. 8. Schwartz, B. 2015. Release of DT-1 bermudagrass. 69th Annual Southeastern Turfgrass Conference Proceedings, April 28, 2015, Tifton, Ga. 9. Shipnuck, A. 2016. Chambers Bay, one year later: Lessons learned from its 2015 debut on the big stage. SI Golf +, June 14, 2016. (www.golf.com/golf- plus/chambers-bay-one-year-later-lessons-learned- its-2015-debut-big-stage) Accessed Nov. 29, 2016. 10. Thomas, M.V. 2002. Developing producer buy-in for water quality BMP in Florida. Presented at the 2002 ASAE TMDL Specialty Conference, Fort Worth, Texas. ASAE, St. Joseph, Mich. doi: 10.13031/2013.7579 11. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2016. Clean Water Act, Section 502 General definitions. (www.epa.gov/cwa-404/clean-water-act-section- 502-general-definitions) Accessed Nov. 29, 2016. 12. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2016. Mississippi River/Gulf of Mexico Hypoxia Task Force. (www.epa.gov/ms-htf/; click on "Hypoxia 101" under the "learn" box) Accessed Nov. 29, 2016. 13. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2016. Polluted runoff: Nonpoint source pollution. 319 grant program for states and territories. (www.epa.gov/ polluted-runoff-nonpoint-source-pollution/319-grant- program-states-and-territories) Accessed Nov. 29, 2016. 14. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2016. Polluted runoff: Nonpoint source pollution. Regional contacts for NPS programs in your area. (www.epa. gov/nps/state-contacts-nps-programs-your-area) Accessed Nov. 29, 2016. 15. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2016. Polluted runoff: Nonpoint source pollution. State contacts for NPS programs in your area. (www.epa. gov/nps/state-contacts-nps-programs-your-area) Accessed Nov. 29, 2016. 16. U.S. Government Services Administration (GSA). Government-wide Section 508 Accessibility Program. (www.section508.gov) Accessed Nov. 29, 2016. J. Bryan Unruh (jbu@ufl.edu) is a professor and associate director of the West Florida Research and Education Cen - ter, University of Florida, Jay, Fla.

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