Golf Course Management

JAN 2017

Golf Course Management magazine is dedicated to advancing the golf course superintendent profession and helping GCSAA members achieve career success.

Issue link:

Contents of this Issue


Page 141 of 179

132 GOLF COURSE MANAGEMENT 01.17 regulatory agencies. Some state BMP programs have been funded with Rounds 4 Research proceeds and through golf tournament fund - raisers. In addition, state regulatory agencies have access to Clean Water Act Section 319(h) funds (13) used to help focus state and local nonpoint source efforts. Contact state (15) and regional (14) nonpoint source pollution (NPS) coordinators for additional information. Identifying specific BMP content The steering committee will develop the scope of the state BMP program and work through the GCSAA BMP template to select the content to be included in the state BMP manual. The BMP template content is based on agronomic research and geared toward pro - viding healthy turfgrass and high-quality play- ing surfaces in light of environmental protec- tion. However, not all aspects of golf course operations are addressed as they would be within an exhaustive environmental manage - ment program or environmental management system (EMS). These tools have different pur - poses. The focus of the GCSAA BMP template is on the golf course and associated agronomic operations, and not the entire facility. GCSAA and EIFG recommend that facility leaders adopt environmental management programs or an EMS appropriate for their circumstances. The template will populate a BMP manual outline and serves as a springboard for fur - ther discussion. Once the majority of the state BMP manual has been developed using the template, each section will need to incorporate regulatory requirements within the context of the region/state for which the BMP man - ual is being developed. Sections of the BMP template and individual BMP themselves may not be pertinent to the region/state and should be edited or omitted. For example, sodic soils and salmon-bearing streams are not universal across the United States. Therefore, in regions where these conditions exist, BMP addressing such conditions should be developed but may be omitted otherwise. When populating the BMP manual, sev - eral tenets should be embraced: 1. BMP must be science-based and vali - dated by field testing. Science serves as the benchmark by which management prac - tices must be measured. 2. BMP should be flexible and provide lee - way to the golf course superintendent to implement practices that will facilitate reaching the end goal — sustainable golf course management. Flexibility allows a golf facility to tailor a plan to meet its needs using the resources available. 3. BMP should be practicable and economi - cally viable. 4. The BMP model incorporates the itera - tive method for continuous improvement: "plan, do, check and act." Over time, met - rics such as measurable reductions in in- puts and improvements in water quality will point to whether the BMP are success - ful. If they are not, then adjustments are made and changes can be implemented. The steering committee may develop a roster of BMP review/writing team mem - bers that includes subject matter experts and projected responsibilities. The review/writ - ing team members will identify and com- plete any regional/local information for their BMP manual. Leaders may agree to contract a professional consultant or university to complete the review/writing process. Univer - sity scientists should review and incorporate pertinent agronomic/environmental infor - mation within the BMP manual for their state or region. Ron Wright, CGCS and GCSAA South - east regional representative, often says, "The first two letters of 'done' are 'do.'" Super - intendents are busy professionals focused on meeting critical dates and deadlines. Therefore, the steering committee needs to set timelines with milestone dates for the completion of important BMP development activities. This avoids possible procrastina - tion and allows for the efficient production of a BMP manual. The steering committee should follow up with all responsible par - ties to ensure they are aware of their BMP- related responsibilities. Crossing every t and dotting every i After the state BMP template has been populated, the process of reviewing and up - dating the document's content ensues. A good approach for the review/writing process is to assign teams for each major section. Each team should include golf course superintend - ents, university extension and research faculty, and regulatory agency personnel. Extend technical review requests to per - sonnel not on the BMP steering committee or review/writing teams where specialized exper - tise is necessary or where interest is expressed. For example, a golf course architect or irriga - tion designer could be a great resource. Hot off t e press! Publication and distribution After a final state BMP manual is ready, it can be saved in PDF format and distrib - uted electronically or sent to design profes- sionals for print and/or electronic publishing. If federal funds [for example, Section 319(h) Plantings on littoral shelves protect surface waters from golf course runoff. Photo by Todd Lowe

Articles in this issue

Archives of this issue

view archives of Golf Course Management - JAN 2017