Golf Course Management

JAN 2017

Golf Course Management magazine is dedicated to advancing the golf course superintendent profession and helping GCSAA members achieve career success.

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Page 138 of 179

01.17 GOLF COURSE MANAGEMENT 129 lina — most are impaired and require restora- tion. States are required to update and resub- mit their impaired waters list every two years, thus ensuring that polluted waters continue to be monitored and assessed until water-quality standards are met. The establishment of water-quality stan - dards, identification of impaired (polluted) waters and implementation of TMDL pro - grams varies across the 50 states. Some states have done little and others have been aggressive in complying with federal regulations. Florida, with its abundant coastlines, estuaries and wetlands and sensitive springs, has been at the forefront of addressing water-quality concerns. Florida's approach involves significant stake - holder input to develop Basin Management Action Plans (BMAP), a blueprint for restor - ing impaired waters. Each BMAP is a compre- hensive set of strategies designed to reduce pol- lutant loads to impaired waters. The strategies include permit limits, conservation programs, and urban and agricultural BMP. Other states have similar programs: California has "Basin Plans," New York has "Clean Water Plans," and Kansas has the "Watershed Restoration and Protection Strategy" (WRAPS). BMP A common theme to each improvement strategy is the development and implementa - tion of urban and agricultural BMP programs. Before TMDL became a hot issue, Florida was laying the foundations for a cooperative pro - gram to reduce agriculture pollutant loads to waters of the state. In the early 1990s, the FDEP was working with FDACS to develop a cooperative effort in pollution-prevention ac - tivities between the fertilizer blending indus- try, the golf course industry and agricultural interests in general. This effort resulted in three BMP manuals on fertilizer plant opera - tion, on agrichemical handling, and on equip- ment maintenance on farms and golf courses. In 1999, the Florida legislature adopted com - prehensive TMDL legislation (403.067, F.S.) that clarifies the FDEP statutory authority and establishes administrative procedures for the program. Consequently, the term "BMP" in Florida has a statutory definition: Best management practice means a practice or combination of practices determined by the coordinating agencies, based on research, field testing and expert review, to be the most effective and Size of water Rivers/ streams (miles) Lakes, reservoirs & ponds (acres) Bays/estuaries (square miles) Coastal shoreline (miles) Good waters 1.9 Previously impaired waters now attaining all uses 2,593.3 29,990.1 31.8 Threatened waters TMDL completed TMDL alternative Non-pollutant impairment TMDL needed Impaired waters 38,230.0 249,988.6 3,324.0 321.2 TMDL completed 35,643.7 167,651.4 2,411.7 321.2 TMDL alternative Non-pollutant impairment TMDL needed 2,586.3 81,865.2 912.3 New TMDL completed 41.5 2,251.9 0.5 0.0 Remaining TMDL needed 2,544.8 79,613.3 911.8 Total assessed waters 38,231.9 249,988.6 3,324.0 321.2 Total waters 38,205.4 311,236.0 3,324.0 Unavailable % of waters assessed 100.1 80.3 100.0 Unavailable Table 1. Summary of the results of site-specific targeted monitoring for waters of the state of North Carolina in 2014. Water conditions in North Carolina, 2014 To reduce the risk of water pollution, fertilizer should be stored in a protected, contained area designated for that purpose. Photo by A. Neiswender

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