Golf Course Management

FEB 2016

Golf Course Management magazine is dedicated to advancing the golf course superintendent profession and helping GCSAA members achieve career success.

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88 GOLF COURSE MANAGEMENT 02.16 Staying ahead of shifting insect pest problems Superintendents face new insect pests, new insecticides and new diffculties. Challenges abound wherever high-quality turfgrass is managed on golf courses. Some of these challenges include numerous insect pests. As new products are developed for pest control and as the expectations for quality of play and appearance increase, the demands facing golf course superintendents become greater, not less. Sometimes it feels like the more we learn, the less we know. The previous statement comes from two observations arrived at over many years of conduct - ing research on insect pest management on golf courses around the globe. First, even though courses are managed at the highest level possible, new problems continue to appear. This has certainly been true for insects. In some cases, the problem is that golf has become part of the en - vironment in places where it had not previously been. This is commonly observed where courses have been built in areas that had formerly been agricultural land or forests. Insect pests don't typically just show up overnight, but given enough time, they take advantage of what we lay out before them, and new pest problems arise in the years that follow. The second observation is that pest problems often change over time. There may be a num - ber of reasons for this, but one is that the pesticides used on golf courses also change over time. When new products are used, the spectrum of control (the list of insects that a product will Rick Brandenburg, Ph.D. Diane Silcox Reynolds, Ph.D. Terri H. Billeisen, Ph.D. AT THE TURN (insects) The construction of golf courses in new, dif- ferent locations opens the door to new pests and to new challenges in developing effective management strategies. Photo by Rick Brandenburg Even though courses are managed at the highest level possible, new problems continue to appear.

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