Golf Course Management

FEB 2016

Golf Course Management magazine is dedicated to advancing the golf course superintendent profession and helping GCSAA members achieve career success.

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Page 103 of 147

94 GOLF COURSE MANAGEMENT 02.16 a reliable tool that can give guidance for tim- ing the insecticide application. Conducting soap fushes once a month in areas where mole crickets frequently cause problems can illus - trate the life cycle of the mole crickets on a course and provide a distinct advantage in controlling them. Taking a few minutes each month to build a pest database can result in very accurate pest management programs. Even if fairly good in - formation relative to pest biology and life cy- cles is available, it can always be improved by collecting data for the course. Using a soapy water fush is not terribly time-consuming, but it can save a lot of money, improve course conditions, and make the superintendent look like a genius! Many tools are available to help you, in - cluding light traps, pheromone traps and de- gree-day monitors, but the keys are keen ob- servation and good records of pest occurrence. Linking observations with the calendar date and specifc weather events, such as signifcant rainfall events or dry periods, can help estab - lish a database that allows a superintendent to stay ahead of pest problems and obtain maxi - mum levels of control with insecticide applica- tions. An article in the February 2013 issue of GCM covered the various sampling and moni - toring techniques in detail. The how-tos of developing a database can be found online, in books, and even on my Facebook page, "Turf, Bugs, and Rock n' Roll," or my website ( ). Videos that show how to sample, monitor or predict insect pests are available as well. I also teach seminars focusing on insects specifc to a wide range of climates. The intent is to demonstrate how to develop databases for pest problems in a particular location, and how to be more effective at keeping insect problems to a minimum. The information presented also applies to cool-season turfgrasses. The second edition of the "Handbook of Turfgrass Insects" provides the latest information from the leading experts on various turfgrass in - sect pests. Regardless of location, knowledge of in - sect life cycles is vital. Today's new insecti- cides are very effective and more environmen- tally friendly than products from the past, yet many require a more refned approach to their For more information Huang, T., and E.A. Buss. 2009. Billbug (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) species composition, abundance, seasonal activity, and development time in Florida. Journal of Economic Entomology 102(1):309-314. Murillo, A., and T.H. Billeisen. 2012. Sugarcane beetle. Pages 75-77. In: R.L. Brandenburg and C.P. Freeman, eds. Handbook of Turfgrass Insect Pests. 2nd edition. Entomological Society of America, Lanham, Md. Potter, D.A., C.T. Redmond and D.W. Williams. 2013. Managing excessive earthworm casting on golf courses and sports felds. International Turfgrass Society Research Journal 12:347-355. Silcox, D.E., T.H. Billeisen and R.L. Brandenburg. 2013. Monitoring turfgrass insects: The key to effective insect pest manage- ment. Golf Course Management 81(2):90-98. Vittum, P.J. 2012. Annual bluegrass weevil. Pages 9-11. In: R.L. Brandenburg and C.P. Free- man, eds. Handbook of Turfgrass Insect Pests. 2nd edition. Entomologi- cal Society of America, Lanham, Md. Nuisance ants make the turf surface unplayable and unsightly, and they can even dull mower blades. Photo by Brian Royals

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