Golf Course Management

OCT 2014

Golf Course Management magazine is dedicated to advancing the golf course superintendent profession and helping GCSAA members achieve career success.

Issue link: http://gcmdigital.gcsaa.org/i/385759

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10.14 GOLF COURSE MANAGEMENT 89 tion. These useful qualities can provide tan- gible logistical and monetary benefts to pest managers and are a big reason why these com - pounds have become the dominant class of in- secticides worldwide in a relatively short time. On the downside, however, high water sol - ubility also means these compounds are likely to be very mobile. Although the mobility of neonicotinoids in turf and ornamental situ - ations is complex and not well studied, their presence in surface waters (3,13) and ground water (4) has been documented in the rela - tively few systems examined. Their mobility in turf situations needs to be investigated. (Top) Bees will forage on bird's-foot trefoil, which is considered both an invasive weed and an excellent forage plant for livestock. Photos by A. Patton (Right) Dandelion fowering in closely mowed turf. Dandelions are a popular forage species for bees in early spring.

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