Golf Course Management

APR 2013

Golf Course Management magazine is dedicated to advancing the golf course superintendent profession and helping GCSAA members achieve career success.

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Page 49 of 141

an errant ball. The area should be clearly posted and, if possible, fenced. In areas where there are bears, an electric fence is highly recommended. Make sure that your apiary has a water source. Bees need water for drinking and for cooling the hive on hot days. They will fnd it from the nearest source of good clean water, which sometimes can mean the nearest swimming pool or water feature. If you place a few rocks or branches in a g ar large bowl, saucer or l the 15 lbs. su se or white syrup re unti s e the mixtu 3 lbs. glucoter bucket of water (so d boiling cool to 180 degre r an a 4 cups w oon cream of tar tawater by stirring F. Le t syrup . Place a the bees have somethe rees wax papert y super teasp 1/2 242 deg e sugar in p lined with thing to perch on Dissolve thf the syrup rises tocandy into molds of wood in an em ith cloth re o rips it w r the and won't drown) temperatu at until thick . Pou 1/2-inch square st the space around d feed syrup n d e F., then b gar on t wo small, ver the candy an maining candy a published by and place it in or " o re cake of su cluster of bees. C rm. Remove any and the Honey Bee near the apiary, this wa ive the eep it "The H above aper to k m. (From will reduce the inor newsp weather ge ts war when the Sons Inc.) cidence of unsightly Dadant & dead bees in the club's swimming pool. The hives should face the rising sun or the direction of the most sunshine; in northern climates, this means orienting the opening to the southeast. Keep hives out of the wind and away from wet or damp areas. I recommend that superintendents join their local beekeeping association, but another good way to get started is to allow an Sheppard leads a workshop in beekeeping basics in the maintenance facility at St. Lucia GC for 40 local farmers and unemployed citizens. eed ter bee f r win candy fo Sugar 48 GCM April 2013 experienced beekeeper to set up a few hives in a secluded spot. You do not necessarily have to locate the hives on the golf course itself because bees typically will forage for nectar within a radius of up to 3 miles, although they have been known to go greater distances of up to 8 miles if there are no nectar-producing plants close by. Bees will try to conserve energy and stores of honey in the hive by seeking and transporting nectar as effciently as possible. If you are reducing your maintained turf areas and turning them into natural habitat for pollinators, you are going to get honey bees, wasps and solitary bees feeding on the fowers of plants growing in these areas. Even if you do not have hives on your course, you can be sure that there are bees feeding on some plants. You just have to look at dandelions or white clover in the spring to see who is visiting them. Stings and other issues Worker honey bees sting in defense of the hive. For most people (approximately 90 percent of the population), the normal reaction to bee stings is localized pain and swelling. Far fewer people (less than 7 percent) may have systemic reactions such as asthma, hives, hay fever and atopic dermatitis; only 1-2 percent of the population will

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