Golf Course Management

APR 2013

Golf Course Management magazine is dedicated to advancing the golf course superintendent profession and helping GCSAA members achieve career success.

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Page 105 of 141

research Coping with unwanted wildlife, Part I Raccoons, bats, snakes and woodpeckers can all make homes on the golf course — sometimes where they are not wanted. Editor's note: This is the frst of two articles covering prevention and control of wildlife damage related to buildings on golf courses. This installment covers raccoons, bats, snakes and woodpeckers. The next installment will cover skunks, woodchucks, mice and swallows. Golf courses often provide a unique place for wildlife to live in an otherwise urban or suburban area. Along with the wildlife that are welcome and are enjoyed by course clientele are other critters that can't be tolerated. When unwanted wildlife want to make a home in or near golf course buildings and facilities, steps must be taken to protect the property. This article provides information on strategies for controlling wildlife damage that might occur around golf course buildings. It is important for superintendents to understand how to control the troublesome species they might encounter through strategies such as exclusion, Jim Knight, Ph.D. 94 GCM April 2013 Raccoons look lovable, but can cause problems in storage facilities. frightening, the use of repellents or toxicants and habitat modifcation. In addition, superintendents must be careful to comply with local and state regulations when implementing control programs. In this article, transporting nuisance wildlife to another area is sometimes mentioned as an option. This may not be legal in some states, and moving the animal is not always the most humane option. Research has shown that upward of 80% of transplanted nuisance animals die of exposure, accidents, starvation or some other cause related to putting them in an unfamiliar setting. Scientists also have concerns about disease transmission

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